The Vipavska dolina valley lies under three plateaus, from where the strongest bora wind in Slovenia blows into the valley. The bora wind is exchanged with wind from the sea, which brings extensive humidity, while the rocky slopes of the plateaus radiate heat into the valley during the warm periods. The valley is dotted with many vineyards and orchards that thrive in the specific sub-Mediterranean climate, which is why in spring, the entire valley is in blossoms, while becoming extremely colourful in autumn. The idyllic rural landscape is very photogenic and extremely suitable for light biking trips.
The Vipavska dolina valley is the passage from central Slovenia to the Friulian plain, which has always ensured exceptional strategic importance for the area. At the time of the Roman Empire, the valley was the first important post to appear between the two ancient towns of Aquileia (Slovenian name: Oglej) and Emona. A historical battle for Christianity took place at the Mrzla reka river, where Eastern Roman emperor Theodosius defeated the usurper Eugenius. Wealthy noble families lived in the valley since it was very fertile and suitable for the development of agriculture, and it also had a favourable strategic military-transport position. It is therefore of little surprise that many castles were built in this relatively small area.