PST – PATH OF REMEMBRANCE AND COMRADESHIP

Duration

1 day

Category

TOURING

Fitness level

LOW

Tour type

Technical difficulty

LOW

Length & elevation

32 km 340 m

The PST cycling route runs around and through Ljubljana, leading through those urban areas of Ljubljana that are rarely visited by tourists, but it mostly gives the opportunity to truly appreciate the city’s greenery. On this relatively easy path with a few ascents, visitors are able to enjoy a different view of Ljubljana, which involves not only the spatial but also the historical perspective.

Soon after the outbreak of World War II, Ljubljana was occupied by Italy. As the largest urban centre in the region, it served as a central point to resistance, so in 1942 Italian Army fenced Ljubljana off with barbed wire to separate the city from the surrounding areas. There were 206 guard towers and bunkers erected along the fence, which was guarded by approximately 1,300 soldiers and 400 policemen, who checked the IDs of everyone who entered or left the city. After the capitulation of Italy in 1943, the German army took control of the fence. The Liberation Army marched into Ljubljana on 9 May 1945 – 1,170 days after the fence had been set up.

The construction of the path along the former fence was started soon after the war. The annual recreational hike, which runs on the path in honour of the Victory Day on 9 May every year, an European holiday commemorating the victory over fascism, has a long standing tradition. Coincidentally, May 9 is also the exact day Ljubljana was liberated. Although the commemoration path was completed in 1985, it has been constantly upgraded as the city’s largest park, the longest row of trees and generally as one of the largest green areas, and the annual recreational day has become a popular running event.

Today, this long walkway, which is mostly paved with gravel, is called the Path of Remembrance and Comradeship (Slovenian acronym: PST), with about seven thousand trees found along the way, as well as information boards, sign posts and metal road marks. The path, which is 33 km long and for most of the part 4 meters wide, is used every day by many locals for running, dog walking or simple walks. Cycling is permitted, of course, but the cyclists are not allowed to obstruct or endanger other users of the path.

As Ljubljana kept expanding, some parts of the path have come to run through the city. Some sections are more or less secluded, while others can get very busy, depending on the season, time of the day and weather. Some parts feature many interesting places where one can stop at and go sightseeing, while others are just perfect for simply enjoying the ride.

Note: The PST cycling tour starts in the city centre, where one can find no “original” Path of Remembrance and Comradeship; some parts of the tour do not exactly overlap with the PST path as the original route is sometimes unsuitable for cyclists. Below is a list of some interesting points to visit on a trip.

Gallery

Highlights

1

Križanke

Križanke offers one of the best areas for outdoor events. The former Monastery of the Order of Teutonic Knights was renovated by architect Jožef Plečnik.


2

Krakovo Embankment

The Krakovo Embankment was built during the construction of the Gruber Channel. It is lined by a row of chestnut trees and an exhibition area for large format photographs.


3

Špica

Špica (Trnovski pristan) used to be a city beach. Today, due to its green surroundings and a large area paved with wood, it again attracts numerous visitors. The spot of Špica, which translates into English as a “pointed tip” due to its shape, splits the Ljubljanica river into two channels, with the left one flowing into the city centre and the right one bypassing Ljubljana. The right channel, which is called the Gruber Channel, was built to add descent to the river bed and help the city at the times of high waters and floods. The bank was recently renovated and new wharfs were added to improve the look and feel of the river.


4

Botanic Garden

The Botanic Garden is the oldest cultural, academic and educational institution that has operated continuously since 1810. It is home to over 4,500 plant varieties, with more than a third being endemic to Slovenia. Visitors can see the large tropical glasshouse housing more than 380 types of plants, thus resembling a proper jungle.


5

Astronomical observatory

The Golovec Astronomical and Geophysical Observatory was built after World War II. Its astronomical section operates as an educational institution for the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics at the University of Ljubljana and houses a modern 700-mm Vega refracting telescope. An astronomical library can also be found in the building.


6

Golovec

The Golovec hill rises above the eastern area of Ljubljana and serves as a counterpoint to the Rožnik hill, while the Castle hill is situated in the middle. A number of well-maintained recreation and cycling routes run over the hill. During the Roman times, i.e. the 2nd century AD, an aqueduct used to distribute water from Golovec to Emona. Today, one can find an astronomical observatory located on top of the hill.


7

Fužine Castle

Situated at an idyllic location next to the Ljubljanica river, this Renaissance mansion was used for residential purposes and never served as a fort. The Slovenian name Fužine originates from the foundries that used to operate along the river. The castle was built in the 16th century by one of the few Ljubljana bourgeois families of the Carniolan descent. There were various production facilities next to the castle – mills, (copper) foundries, a smithy and a glass factory. Managed by the residing family, the castle served as a stronghold for the Protestants, having contributed to the first printed Slovenian book, so it is of little surprise that the first paper mill was established right at the castle. Today, the building is home to the Museum of Architecture and Design.


8

Žale Cemetery

Žale is the largest cemetery in Ljubljana. It was designed by architect Jože Plečnik in the late 1930s. The extensive complex called the Garden of All Hallows, which includes a portal that symbolically separates the place of the living from the place of the dead and features numerous funeral chapels which each get marked by the name of the parish the deceased lived in, is a cultural monument and a place featuring gravestones designed by the best Slovenian artists and architects. The complex includes an Austrian and German military cemetery from World War I and an ossuary with the remains of World War I victims. Although the PST cycling route leads along the south-west and north side of the complex called Nove Žale, which was designed by architect Marko Mušič, we recommend the tourers to ride around or through Plečnik’s Žale as well.


9

Gravel Pit

The Gravel pit (Slovenian: Gramozna jama) is a memorial complex arranged at the place where the Italian occupying forces shot Slovenian hostages between 1942 and 1943. At least 185 hostages were killed there, many of whom remain unidentified. They were selected randomly among people who were arrested in the streets during the Italian military patrols.


10

Koseze Pond

The Koseze Pond (Slovenian: Koseški bajer) is an artificial pond formed at a former clay pit. Today, it serves as a beautiful example of wetland, providing home to rare and endangered species of animals and plants. The typical wildlife in the pond includes frogs, numerous amphibians, different species of fish, dragonflies, as well as swans and other birds. The area is a popular place for walking and swimming throughout the year, as well as ice-skating in the winter.


11

ZOO

The Ljubljana Zoo is situated at the south hillside of Rožnik, surrounded by forest and meadows that are part of the protected nature park.


12

Čad Restaurant

This popular place with a spacious garden offering great shade and Balkan-style grilled food is a great starting point for hikes to Rožnik. There is also a horse riding school nearby.


13

Rožnik

Rožnik is a 391-metre wooded hill, which has been a popular site among the people of Ljubljana since the 19th century. There are many different paths leading to the top, for example the one starting right behind the Čad Restaurant and leading to the church and restaurant at the top before descending to Point 14a which the route  reaches also along the foot of the hill – Rožnik is thus a variation of the route for those who would like to spend some more energy before the route finishes.


14

Tivoli City Park

Extending over 5 km2, Tivoli as the largest and arguably the most beautiful park in Ljubljana is located next to the city centre. The park was created in 1813, when the two parks, i.e. the one around the Podturn Caste and the other one, which surrounded the Cekin Castle, were joined together. The three main paths in the park are lined with chestnut trees. These are complemented with flower beds, interesting trees of other varieties, as well as numerous statues and fountains. The park and its many paths extend upwards to one side of the Rožnik Hill, where one can also find a fitness trail with sports equipment.


14a

Castle Tivoli

Castle Tivoli, or more precisely its location, has a rich history. Today, the castle is home to the International Centre of Graphic Arts (Slovenian: Mednarodni grafični likovni center – MGLC) and a museum of 20th-century graphic works. MGLC also produces the Ljubljana Biennial of Graphic Arts, which took place for the 32nd time in 2017.


14b

Jakopič Promenade

A wide and picturesque Jakopič Promenade, which ends at the stairs below Castle Tivoli, was designed by architect Jože Plečnik during a renovation of the park. The promenade, which is named after Slovenian impressionist painter Rihard Jakopič, is a popular place as it hosts exhibitions of large-format photographs all around the year.


15

Triple Bridge

The famous Triple Bridge was designed by architect Jožef Plečnik on both sides of the once single bridge that had been built over the area that was used to wade across the river in the medieval Ljubljana.


16

Breg Embankment

The Breg embankment by the Ljubljanica used to serve as the main port for Ljubljana from the 14th century until the arrival of the railway. Virtually all buildings along the embankment, which has recently been renovated, are of great historical importance.


Optional

Price for PST – PATH OF REMEMBRANCE AND COMRADESHIP excludes

Everything not included.

Logistics

Contact Visit Good Place to book a tour. Bike and the navigation pack (GPS coordinates, map and road book for the selected tour) can be retrieved at the agency premises. Address: Rimska cesta 2b, Ljubljana.

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